Introductory Quantum Physics

$192 Limited inc GST / $173
Introductory Quantum Physics

<p>Quantum physics underpins all of modern science. We could not understand chemistry, biology, nuclear phenomena, computer chips, solar energy, etc. if we could not rely on quantum theory. In this

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Quantum physics underpins all of modern science. We could not understand chemistry, biology, nuclear phenomena, computer chips, solar energy, etc. if we could not rely on quantum theory. In this short course, we shall explain the reasons for the birth of quantum physics, and describe some of the basic principles and concepts that form the foundations of this field of physics. And we’ll do this without using complex mathematics.


COURSE OUTLINE

  • A brief introduction to ‘classical’ physics, the physics before the 20th century. It worked just fine, why did we need quantum physics?
  • Light: what is it made of: particles or waves? Discussion of wave interference and diffraction phenomena and experiments, including the all-important double slit experiment.
  • Experiments during the first part of the 20th century that lead to the development of quantum physics, such as the problem of black-body radiation, the photoelectric effect, the Compton experiment. Introduction to photons.
  • The measurement of optical spectra, absorption and emission of light. The unexpected hydrogen spectrum. How is light generated?
  • Discovery of the electron; the Rutherford model of the atom; the Bohr atom. How do atoms emit light? Introduction to energy levels and quantum numbers.
  • De Broglie and the matter waves; the double-slit experiment again, but this time ‘a surprise’; wave-like behaviour of electrons; electron diffraction. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.
  • Schrodinger’s wave equation. Waves of probability; spin; Pauli’s exclusion principle; entangled states, the EPR ‘paradox’. What does all this mean? The Copenhagen interpretation and other ‘strange’ interpretations. It is still strange, after all these years.
  • How do you go from atoms to solids: the reason for metals, insulators and semiconductors.


PLANNED LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Discuss some of the important phenomena that lead to the development of quantum physics.
  2. Discuss interference and diffraction of waves, and the notion of the wave-particle nature of light.
  3. Discuss the atomic absorption/emission line spectra.
  4. Discuss the Bohr model of the atom.
  5. Discuss the energy levels and quantum numbers.
  6. Discuss the de Broglie’s model of matter waves.
  7. Discuss the Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.
  8. Discuss the Schrodinger’s time independent wave equation and the Pauli Exclusion Principle.
  9. Discuss the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics.
  10. Discuss the energy levels in metals, insulators and semiconductors.