The March of the 10,000

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The March of the 10,000

<p>In 401BCE Cyrus sought to overthrow his brother Artaxerxes the ruler of Persia. To this end he hired 11,000 Greek troops to bolster his Asiatic army of 100,000. The armies met at the battle of

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In 401BCE Cyrus sought to overthrow his brother Artaxerxes the ruler of Persia. To this end he hired 11,000 Greek troops to bolster his Asiatic army of 100,000. The armies met at the battle of Cunaxa near Babylon in 401BCE, but Cyrus was killed and his army disintegrated. The Greek contingent refused to surrender and despite the loss of their leaders to Persian treachery, they elected new leaders including Xenophon. So began one of the great marches of history as the Greeks marched north assailed by Persian attacks from front and rear and attacks from wild tribes and winter snows in the mountains, to finally reach Trapezus on the Black Sea in 399BCE.


SUGGESTED READING

  • Xenophon. Anabasis, Clarendon Press 2014
  • Bury J.B. and Meiggs R., History of Greece, Macmillan 2000