South Greece: Land of The Ancient Heroes

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South Greece: Land of The Ancient Heroes

<p>The great Peloponnese island is linked to mainland Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth. Travelling south from Athens opens up a realm of vivid history and heroic landscapes, for South Greece is the

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The great Peloponnese island is linked to mainland Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth. Travelling south from Athens opens up a realm of vivid history and heroic landscapes, for South Greece is the home of such evocative sites at Mycenae, Tiryns and Pylos (home of Homer’s great warriors); the glades of ancient Olympia and wind-swept temples of Apollo; Sparta and its rival Messene; and the Byzantine glories of Mistra. Add seaports and the wild Mani peninsula to the mix for an evocative introduction to a lesser-known Greece.


COURSE OUTLINE

  • Introduction. First settlements. Mycenaean glory – Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos. Work of Schliemann. Traders or raiders! Was there a Trojan War?
  • The Archaic and Classical World – origins of Olympia. The Olympic Games. Rise of Sparta, and its rival Messene. The Temple of Apollo at Bassai – classical architects at work?
  • Hellenism after Alexander the Great – the theatre at Epidauros, and its medical sanctuary. Roman glory at Corinth. Christianity with Paul.
  • Byzantine splendour at Mistra. Ottoman Castle at Methone. Villages in Mani. Village life. Conclusion.


PLANNED LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Identify developments in the architecture of the periods and places studied.
  2. Discuss aspects of the history of the Civilisations of the Peloponnese.
  3. Comment on art historical methodology in the study of ancient artworks.
  4. Plan an informed itinerary and visit to the sites described.
  5. Investigate sources of further study.