Resistance Against The Nazis

Take a closer look at the history, motives and legacy of the Resistance against the Nazis. Among the topics to be explored: the ‘Kreisau Circle’, ‘Operation Valkyrie’, Stauffenberg’s failed assassination plot; and the Free French movement.


  • Face-to-Face


  • Fallada, Hans. Alone in Berlin (Penguin, 2009; first edition, 1947)
  • Kershaw, Ian. Luck of the Devil: The Story of Operation Valkyrie (Penguin, 2009)
  • Scholl, Inge. The White Rose (Wesleyan University Press, 1983)
  • Wieviorka, Olivier. The French Resistance (The Belknap Press, 2016)


  • Introduction: What is Resistance?
  • Youth against Hitler - the 'Swing Kids', the 'Edelweiss Pirates', Hans & Sophie Scholl's 'White Rose'
  • Resistance of the heart - The Rosenstrasse Protest, Intellectuals against Hitler - The 'Solf Circle', Helmuth James von Moltke & his 'Kreisau Circle'
  • One Man against Tyranny - Georg Elser and his bomb plot to kill Hitler in 1939, Military Opposition - 'Operation Spark' (1943), 'Operation Valkyrie' (1944)
  • The Resistance of Charles De Gaulle and the 'Maquis' against the Nazis & the Vichy Regime


By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Develop a better understanding of the complex German and French history in the Twentieth Century.
  2. Gain an awareness of the variety of ways historians approach the past.

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