Haiti: Where Slaves Became Emperors

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Haiti: Where Slaves Became Emperors

<p>In 1804 the slaves of France’s wealthiest colony defeated Napoleon’s colonial forces to free themselves and create the first “black” republic. A few years later, their first head of state,

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In 1804 the slaves of France’s wealthiest colony defeated Napoleon’s colonial forces to free themselves and create the first “black” republic. A few years later, their first head of state, Dessailines crowned himself emperor and despot, turning the world upside down again. But the debt France demanded crippled the new nation, and foreign invaders and dictators – and the very land itself – continued to crush Haiti over the centuries ever since, though the people hold onto their heritage, their voodoo and music, with pride.


COURSE OUTLINE

  • 1492-1625 – Spanish rule
  • 1625-1804 – French colony, 1790 civil war, 1791 slaves' revolt/Haitian Revolution, 1804 Defeat of Napoleon, Constitution
  • 1804-1843 – 1806 Dessalines coup, Boyer, Debt to France, 1842 earthquake
  • 1843-1915 – 1843 revolt, Soulouque, Geffrard, 1867 Constitution and cultural growth, 1911 revolt
  • 1915-1934 – American invasion
  • 1934-1956 – Military coups: Vincent, Lescot, 1946 Revolution, Estime, Magloire,
  • 1956-1986 – Duvaliers: Pap Doc, Baby Doc
  • 1987-2018 – Earthquakes of various kinds: Aristide, Preval, 2004 coup, 2010 Earthquake, Martelly, Today


PLANNED LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Describe the patterns of events in Haiti’s history.
  2. Identify the key figures in Haiti’s history and their impact.
  3. Assess the causes leading to Haiti’s current state of economic, environmental, and civil turbulence.
  4. Propose possible future scenarios for Haiti.
  5. Appreciate the beauty of Haiti’s built and cultural environment.
  6. Enjoy the drama of the historical changes,
  7. Value the contributions Haiti has made to world history.
  8. Be inspired to discover more about Haiti.
  9. Sympathise with Haitian perspectives.