How to Argue Like a Philosopher

Learn how to argue like a philosopher! Put together your own Philosophical Toolkit. Arguments and reason are important in many fields but more so in philosophy. What empirical proof is to science, argumentation and good inferences are to philosophy as well as in law. But sometimes even philosophers make bad arguments. We will cover the following areas of both theory and practice: What arguments are and what they do. Different kinds of arguments. How to analyse and evaluate arguments. We will look at some famous arguments given by philosophers as examples to practice our evaluations. You will gain some knowledge of particular philosophers and their arguments like Descartes ‘I think, therefore, I am’. You will acquire valuable tools to think more independently. This course is ideal for students who want to continue studying and reading philosophy.


SUGGESTED READING


COURSE OUTLINE

  • What is an argument? Why argue? - A taste of arguments: IDENTITY (i). Descartes argument for Mind-Body Dualism, (ii). The Ship of Theseus
  • Types of Arguments, Deductive, Inductive, and Abductive – INDUCTION: Hume’s argument against Miracles from Testimony
  • Thought Experiments and philosophical reasoning – ARGUMENTS AGAINST PHYSICALISM: Frank Jackson’s Knowledge Argument.
  • Conceivability – THEISTIST ARGUMENTS: Anselm’s Ontological Argument, IDEALISM VERSUS REALISM: Berkeley’s Master Argument.
  • Bad, difficult and fallacious arguments – Aristotle’s purpose argument, PARADOX: The Sorites Argument
  • Arguing from Analogy – THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: The Design Argument, ETHICS: Thomas and the Famous Violinist



PLANNED LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Explain the purpose of argument in philosophy.
  2. Compare and different types of arguments: deductive, inductive, abductive as well as arguing from conceivability, analogy and using thought-experiments.
  3. Evaluate and critique famous philosophical arguments.
  4. Apply the techniques of good argumentation to other disciplines and to one’s life.
$192 Limited / $173

<p>Learn how to argue like a philosopher! Put together your own Philosophical Toolkit. Arguments and reason are important in many fields but more so in philosophy. What empirical proof is to science,

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13 Feb

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