The Catholic Counter-Reformation: Fashioning a New Church

Martin Luther lit the spark that set off the fire of the Protestant Reformation. The Church of Rome, forced to face this challenge, engaged in its own reforms that have come to be known as the Catholic or Counter-Reformation. The Council of Trent set in motion this process of Catholic reform. Long overdue institutional reform of Catholicism in a time of much corruption and the clarification of its doctrinal beliefs were in urgent need of address. Within this story of turbulent religious change was the founding of the Jesuits, the “shock troops” of the Church, and a host of other new religious orders that transformed education, social welfare and that took the Gospel to the recently discovered lands of the New World. Especially in Spain and France novel forms of spirituality blossomed. The Counter Reformation gave birth to the art and music of the Baroque that so totally transformed the city of Rome as we know it today and, indeed, much of Europe and beyond.


SUGGESTED READING

  • Bangert, William, V. A History of the Society of Jesus, 2nd ed. St Louis: The Institute of Jesuit Sources, 1986.
  • Eire, Carlos M.N., Reformations: The Early Modern World, 1450-1650, New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 2016.
  • Mullett, Michael A., The Catholic Reformation, London, New York: Routledge, 1999.
  • O’Malley, John W., Trent: what happened at the Council, Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2013.
  • Po-chia Hsia, R., The World of Catholic Renewal, 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.


COURSE OUTLINE

  • The Challenge to Rome of the Protestant Reformation.
  • Council of Trent: reform of church abuses, doctrinal decrees, changes in worship, lay piety.
  • St Ignatius Loyola’s Jesuits & New Religious Orders for Women & Men: education, social work, global mission.
  • Religion & Politics; The Popes; Spiritual Enthusiasts; Inquisition
  • The Art, Architecture & Music of the Baroque.


PLANNED LEARNING OUTCOMES
By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Outline the principal challenges of the Protestant Reformation to the Catholic Church in the 16th century.
  2. Identify and explain the major reforms and outcomes resulting from the Council of Trent.
  3. Identify and explain the aims and achievements of the Jesuits and new religious orders of the time.
  4. Compare and contrast the ideas of some important spiritual writers of the period.
  5. Appreciate the artistic achievements of the Baroque as an expression of the Counter Reformation.
$166 Limited / $149

<p>Martin Luther lit the spark that set off the fire of the Protestant Reformation. The Church of Rome, forced to face this challenge, engaged in its own reforms that have come to be known as the

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21 Oct

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