# Ancient Mathematics from Babylon to Egypt

Babylonians, writing with wooden sticks on clay tablets, developed a complicated sexagesimals numeral system that allowed them to perform addition, multiplication and division. Babylonians solved complicated mathematical problems, they calculated, though inaccurately, areas and volumes, and, as the Plimpton tablet demonstrates, knew the ratio that later was named the Pythagoras theorem. Their knowledge transferred unquestionably from one generation of professionals to another. Egyptian mathematics started with measuring parts of land flooded by the river Nile. By studying ancient mathematical artefacts, such as Rhind papyrus, we will comprehend the ancient Egyptian system of counting, arithmetic operations and geometry.

This class will be delivered online via the online platform Zoom. Enrolling students need to ensure they have an email, a reliable internet connection, microphone/speakers and access to a tablet, smartphone or computer.

• Science Awakening I: Egyptian, Babylonian and Greek Mathematics, B. L. Van Der Waerden. 2005, 4th Edition.

#### COURSE OUTLINE

• Main chronology of ancient mathematics in Babylon and Egypt.
• Ancient Egypt and Ancient Babylonian numeral systems and writing techniques.
• Operations on integer numbers, fractions and figures as performed by Ancient Egyptian and Babylonians.
• Main algebraic and geometric problems they solved.
• Main ancient mathematical artefacts: Rhind papyrus and Plimpton 322 tablet.

#### PLANNED LEARNING OUTCOMES

By the end of this course, students should be able to:

1. Understand ancient numeral systems.
2. Know main counting techniques for dividing, solving problems, and measuring geometrical objects.
3. Know Pythagoras triangles and triples.
\$65 Limited

<p>Babylonians, writing with wooden sticks on clay tablets, developed a complicated sexagesimals numeral system that allowed them to perform addition, multiplication and division. Babylonians solved

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28 Jan
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